Curative mud is one of the oldest treatments. In Estonia, it has been used for 200 years already. Ancient Egyptians’ experience with curative mud extend beyond centuries. They used mud from the Nile to treat several diseases. Affected parts of the body were covered with warm mud or hands and feet were stuck into the mud followed by sunburn. The Greeks and the Romans knew and used curative mud in the beginning of our era. Lectures about curative uses of mineral mud were given in Italy (Padua) in the 14th century. Mud from the bottoms of lakes were used by the Tatars of Crimea and Caucasians. In Odessa, mud bathing was common, while in Norway and Sweden, the diseased were rubbed with mud.

Sea mud found on the western coast of Estonia was used in several ways: affected limbs were soaked in sea mud heated under the sun or warmed in sauna. The first curative mud institution was founded in Haapsalu in the beginning of the 19th century, in 1825. Later, professor Karl Schlossman (a book about the characteristics of Estonian curative mud was published in 1939 in England) and professor Dr. Vadi researched the curative characteristics of sea mud at Tartu University. Along with the knowledge about the existence of curative mud and its features, throughout time curative mud has also undergone several stages of development. Years ago so-called whole body mud baths were used. Today, mainly general or local wrappings (applications) are used, as the diseased have trouble tolerating whole body mud baths.